Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan (1 October 1895 – 16 October 1951), widely known as Quaid-e-Millat (Leader of the Nation) and Shaheed-e-Millat, was one of the leading founding fathers of Pakistan. A statesman, lawyer, and political theorist, he became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan; he also held cabinet portfolio as the first foreign, defence, and the frontier regions minister from 1947 until his assassination in 1951.
Liaquat Ali Khan’s five major contributions for Pakistan
- Khan’s government authorized the establishment of Sindh University. Under his government, science infrastructure was slowly built but he continued inviting Muslim scientists and engineers from India to Pakistan, believing it essential for Pakistan’s future progress.
- Prime Minister Khan intensified his vision to establish an Islamic-based system in the country, presenting the objectives resolution — a prelude to future constitutions.
- Khan began to develop tighter relations with the Soviet Union, China, Poland, and Iran.
- Ali Khan met Indian Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru to sign the Jawahar Lal Nehru in 1950. The pact was an effort to improve relations and reduce tension between India and Pakistan, and to protect the religious minorities on both sides of the border.
- An important event during his premiership was the establishment of a National Bank in November 1949, and the installation of a paper currency mill in Karachi.