Top 5 Mental Health Issues Being Faced By Youth

To grab this article first of all you have to know What is Mental Illness?

Shahzaib Khurshid

 

Mental illness, also called mental health disorders, refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior.

What do you you think? Only Physical Health does matter?

“The only journey is the journey within?

My clear cut answer is obviously NOT. Because in this era of technology and competition nothing is more significant than peace of mind.Mental health is extremely important for the successful and extraordinary life.

Five Major Mental Health Issue of Youth in 2021:

There are lots of mental issue that are facing by our youth in this year especially in the days of pandemic.I am going to cover the five most common mental health issue of youth

 

  1. Anxiety and Stress
  2. Depression
  3. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
  4. Dementia and Mood Swings
  5. Suicidal Thoughts

 

  1. Anxiety Disorders:

Before discussing about this disorder you have to know what is Anxiety? Because there are lots of misconceptions about this mental disorder.

Anxiety:

 Anxiety is a feeling of unease, such as worry or fear, that can be mild or severe. Everyone has feelings of anxiety at some point in their life. For example, you may feel worried and anxious about sitting an exam, or having a medical test or job interview.

 

Stages of Anxiety:

  • Mildanxiety
  • Moderate anxiety
  • Severe anxiety
  • panic level anxiety
 

Normal level of AnxietyNormal levels of anxiety lie on one end of a spectrum and may present as low levels of fear or apprehension, mild sensations of muscle tightness and sweating, or doubts about your ability to complete a task. Importantly, symptoms of normal anxiety do not negatively interfere with daily functioning.

10 Natural  Ways to reduce Anxiety:

    • Stay active. Regular exercise is good for your physical and emotional health. …
    • Don’t drink alcohol. Alcohol is a natural sedative.
    • Stop smoking. Smokers often reach for a cigarette during stressful times. …
    • Ditch caffeine.
    • Get Proper Sleep.
    • Meditate and Sit in calm and natural environments
    • Eat a healthy diet. .
    • Practice deep breathing.
    • Stay in your time zone
    • Follow the 3-3-3 rule; Look around you and name three things you see. Then, name three sounds you hear. Finally, move three parts of your body — your ankle, fingers, or arm.
 

2. Depression

You have listened a lot about this word because it is very common word in these days among youth.But what actually depression is?
Depression is a constant feeling of
  •  sadness
  •  loss of interest
  •  which stops you doing your normal activities
 
Different types of depression exist, with symptoms ranging from relatively minor to severe. Generally, depression does not result from a single event, but from a mix of events and factors.
 

Symptoms of depression:

  1. Sadness
  2. Tearfulness
  3. Emptiness or hopelessness
  4. Angry outbursts
  5. Irritability or frustration
  6. Loss of interest or pleasure in most or all normal activities, such as sex, hobbies or sports.
 

Cure of Depression:

Although recurrence is common, it doesn’t mean this is permanentThere may be no technical “cure” for depression, but with assistance and treatmentdepression — even recurrent depression — is treatable
When it comes to workouts that fight depression, aerobic and cardio exercises have the edge.
 
“What mental health needs is more sunlight, more candor, and more unashamed conversation”
 
3Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

It seems difficult to digest this term but do not worry about it.What is ADHD? I am going to make it easy for you.

ADHD is a medical condition that affects a person’s attention and self-control. Because of ADHDpeople have a harder time staying focused. They may be more fidgety than others. ADHD can make it harder to control behavior, so kids and teens may get into trouble more.

 

3 Categories or Symptoms of ADHD:

  • Inattention: Short attention span for age (difficulty sustaining attention) Difficulty listening to others.
  • Impulsivity: Often interrupts others.
  • Hyperactivity: Seems to be in constant motion; runs or climbs, at times with no apparent goal except motion.

  • Is ADHD a serious problem?
  • Although certain symptoms may fade with age, ADHD can be a lifelong problem. And some people aren’t diagnosed with ADHD until they’re adults. It’s important for all grownups with ADHD to have treatment for it. If not, they’re more likely to have employment problems.

Treatment :

Standard treatments for ADHD in children include medications, behavior therapy, counseling and education services. These treatments can relieve many of the symptoms of ADHD , but they don’t cure it. It may take some time to determine what works best for your child.
 
 
4Dementia and Mood Swings:
 
What is Dementia?
Dementia is not a specific disease but is rather a general term for the impaired ability to remember, think, or make decisions that interferes with doing everyday activities.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia.
 

Mood Swings:

  • Mood swings refer to rapid changes in mood. The term may refer to minor daily mood changes or to significant mood changes as seen with mood disorders such as major depression or bipolar depression.

 

Causes:

  •  Bipolar Disorder. Many people may think of bipolar disorder when they think about mood swings. …
  • . Sleep Deprivation. …
  • . Low Blood Sugar. …
  • . Stress. …
  • . Certain Medications. …
  • . Hormones. …
  • . Pregnancy
.Premenstrual syndrome or premenstrual dysphoric disorder
 
 
5.Suicidal Thoughts

Do not Die Before Death

When these thoughts come into a mind of a victimized person?
 
  1. History of conflict with a spouse or romantic partner.
  2. Current family legal or financial problems.
  3. History of mental health problems, particularly depression.
  4. Alcohol or drug abuse.
  5. Having access to a firearm.

Symptoms:

Suicide warning signs or suicidal thoughts include:
  • Talking about suicide — for example, making statements such as “I’m going to kill myself,” “I wish I were dead” or “I wish I hadn’t been born”
  • Getting the means to take your own life, such as buying a gun or stockpiling pills
  • Withdrawing from social contact and wanting to be left alone
  • Having mood swings, such as being emotionally high one day and deeply discouraged the next
  • Being preoccupied with death, dying or violence
  • Feeling trapped or hopeless about a situation
  • Increasing use of alcohol or drugs
  • Changing normal routine, including eating or sleeping patterns
  • Doing risky or self-destructive things, such as using drugs or driving recklessly
  • Giving away belongings or getting affairs in order when there’s no other logical explanation for doing this
  • Saying goodbye to people as if they won’t be seen again
  • Developing personality changes or being severely anxious or agitated, particularly when experiencing some of the warning signs listed above.
 

Causes

Suicidal thoughts have many causes. Most often, suicidal thoughts are the result of feeling like you can’t cope when you’re faced with what seems to be an overwhelming life situation. If you don’t have hope for the future, you may mistakenly think suicide is a solution. You may experience a sort of tunnel vision, where in the middle of a crisis you believe suicide is the only way out.

There also may be a genetic link to suicide. People who complete suicide or who have suicidal thoughts or behavior are more likely to have a family history of suicide

When to see a doctor

If you’re feeling suicidal, but you aren’t immediately thinking of hurting yourself:

  • Reach out to a close friend or loved one — even though it may be hard to talk about your feelings
  • Contact a minister, spiritual leader or someone in your faith community
  • Call a suicide hotline
  • Make an appointment with your doctor, other health care provider or a mental health professional
 

Suicidal thinking doesn’t get better on its own — so get help.

The bravest thing I have ever did was continuing my life when I wanted to die.

Conclusion:

The basic aim of writing of  this blog article is to spread awareness about mental health issues among youth.Because after the outbreak of Corona Virus and successive lock downs imposed by different countries create unrest among youth regarding their future.
The Socio-Economic situations are hampered badly.All you need is not to be worried.Just focus on problems and come up with its solution.If you can not do this then call an expert.
 
  • Treatment can involve both medications and psychotherapy, depending on the disease and its severity.
  •  At this time, most mental illnesses cannot be cured, but they can usually be treated effectively to minimize the symptoms and allow the individual to function in work, school, or social environments
  1. Healthy eating, getting plenty of sleep, and regular physical activity are all important to good mental health.
  2.  Learning skills which help deal with stress, feeling down, relationships or the symptoms of the illness, are also ways in which someone with a mental illness can look after themselves.
 
I know it is hard to face the challenges of life but it does not mean you loose hope and stuck in mental web by over thinking. Do not let negative thinking over power you.
 
Not just go with the flow,Be the Flow
 

Stay always happy and keep shining.Difficulties and calamities will not remain forever.It is a matter of time things will change and you will see the beauty of life in the end.

Stay Tuned for tremendous articles related to Biological sciences and Social Issues.